LINUX BLOG SAFARI

Open Source, Closed Doors? FOSS and the Racial Divide

FOSS fans are no strangers to difficult topics, and for proof one need look no further than the ongoing sexism controversy that has been debated so many times in every bar and watering hole of the Linux blogosphere.

Recently, however, one came up that’s enjoyed far less prominence — at least since Linux Girl began keeping track lo these many years ago.

“Why Isn’t Open Source a Gateway for Coders of Color?” was the title of the provocative post that brought the issue to light last week in an NPR blog, and it’s generated more than a little discussion among Linux fans.

The weather may be icy outside, but the debates have been nothing but heated down at the blogosphere’s Broken Windows Lounge.’I Wish I Had a Good Answer'”This is tricky,” began Slashdot blogger yagu, for example. “Without overgeneralizing, many people of color are fighting issues bigger than open source, at least for their personal reasons. As a demographic economically depressed, working for ‘free’ probably doesn’t light a fire for those trying to earn a baseline living.”

Add to that the cost of equipment, software and easy Internet access — things that are not as expensive as they used to be but are still factors to be considered when resources are modest, yagu pointed out.

“Ironically, in Open Source we’re talking about ‘free’ software, but it’s not free to have a starter kit,” he concluded. “Open Source couldn’t be more color-blind; socioeconomics, not as forgiving. I wish I had a good answer to this. I don’t.”‘It’s Not Going to Happen Tomorrow’Similarly, “if your school doesn’t have good computers and you have to take some crap job just to eat, then the odds are stacked against you when it comes to having the spare time to work for free long enough to get noticed,” agreed consultant and Slashdot blogger Gerhard Mack. “I have to wonder how many truly great minds we’ve missed out on because some people who could have been great were born with the wrong economicstatus.”

Linux Rants blogger Mike Stone had a different take.

“I think that Open Source is a gateway for anybody to get involved in software development, just an underutilized one,” he began. “There are no requirements other than desire and time. Well, and you have to know how to code, of course.”

The trouble is that “programmers in general are a pretty monochromatic bunch, and then adding to that other societal factors makes open source devs even more so,” Stone explained. “If we want more diversity in software development (which we do), it’s not going to be an easy fix.

“We need to diversify the pool that open source coders come from before we’ll ever have a significant effect on open source itself,” he added. “I think we’re working on that one, but it’s going to take time. It’s not going to happen tomorrow.”

“I Think It’s an Exaggeration’

Google+ blogger Alessandro Ebersol wasn’t so sure.

“Lol, programmers are only white, yeah,” Ebersol chuckled. “And Miguel de Icaza is Norwegian. Well, If the author is referring to the closed source proprietary world, perhaps he’s right.

“In the Free Software world, the situation is very different,” Ebersol said. ‘We had Miguel (Mexican), Alfredo Kojima (Brazilian), Helio Castro (KDE Brazil). In PCLinuxOS, we have programmers all over the world, there’s Archie, from Philippines, me from Brazil, Agust Verdegal, from Spain… “

Bottom line: “I think it’s an exaggeration,” he concluded. “There are lots of developers, in many countries. And, thanks to the nature of Free Software, any contributor and helper are welcome.”

‘Some People Are Hung Up on Race’

Similarly, “I think this subject is what we say in our language, ‘to look for the cat’s 5th leg’ — ie., something that does not exist,” offered Google+ blogger Gonzalo Velasco C. “How do you know the color of any programmer’s skin!? Is Torvalds whiter than me or you? Who cares!!??

“I am used to seeing a lot of people from India in the computer business; nowadays I guess there are a lot of Chinese guys programing too,” he explained. “The beauty (or the lack of it) is in the eye of the beholder.”

Some people are “really hung up on race,” suggested blogger Robert Pogson. “It seems to be a popular pass-time to anguish about race in USA, for instance. The government even keeps track of race on forms.”

Yet “it is very hard to know the race of a person doing an FTP/HTTP/Git transfer,” Pogson pointed out. “Race wasn’t in any User-Agent string I have ever seen. So, claiming FLOSS is more racist than non-Free software is rather silly. I would bet Linus has no clue of the race of his ~10K contributors, and perhaps only a guess about location. A system that cares so little about race is unlikely to put up barriers that aren’t already present in wider contexts.”

‘No Part of the World Is Excluded’

In fact, “the low entry barrier of FLOSS is a huge plus for even the most disadvantaged students of computer technology,” Pogson asserted. “Dig a PC out of a bin somewhere that is less than a decade old and find Internet connectivity and you are good to go with FLOSS.”

By contrast, “with that other software, you first need an employer producing non-Free software, a rather select group if ever there was one,” he added. “Check out M$’s Board of Directors. One black. In the Senior Leaders group, none.”

For a counter example, Pogson points to Debian, “a FLOSS organization which keeps a voluntary database of locations of developers,” he noted. “According to Debian’s map, most of their developers are from USA/Europe, but no part of the world is excluded. There are people in Africa and Asia, even though under-representing their regions.

“Debian’s Social Contract requires software licenses that don’t discriminate against persons, groups or fields of endeavor,” he added.

In short, “there isn’t much more FLOSS can do to lower barriers to entry except to improve the local economies in every region of Earth,” Pogson concluded. “That’s happening today with smartphones and tablets being affordable for many in every region thanks to FLOSS and Moore’s Law. On the other hand, really disadvantaged people in their billions cannot afford software from M$ and ‘partners.'”

‘Have You READ How Linus Talks to People?’

One of the reasons that people of color are underrepresented in open source is that “no one has the mission of changing it,” suggested Google+ blogger Kevin O’Brien. “I work in the IT department of a state government in the U.S., and in my department women and minorities are very much in evidence, so I feel free to reject any idea that the talent is not there.”

Government has been “pushing this in many ways, and that pressure has also extended to large companies,” O’Brien noted, “but open source projects are pretty much ‘voluntary associations’ which are not required to be more inclusive.

“I don’t see this changing until some of the major players make a point of pushing,” he concluded. “And it looks like right now a lot of the ‘white men’ are more interested in keeping things just the way they are now, which would apparently include making the kernel developers mailing list a haven for juveniles.”

Indeed, “have you READ how Linus talks to people? How his pals talk to people?” agreed Slashdot blogger hairyfeet. “They can’t get young folks to jump into that pit of snakes, and guess what? The majority of coders of color are younger folks!

“So as long as Torvalds is sitting in his bathrobe treating everyone who comes in contact like a 14-year-old Halo player treats noobs, you can give it up — the vast majority won’t take abuse just to be in the inner circle.”

‘Intrinsically Tied to Self-Employment’

Last but not least, Chris Travers, a bloggerwho works on the LedgerSMBproject, took a historical perspective.

“This problem is far broader than open source software,” Travers told Linux Girl.

“The United States is a nation with a deeply troubled history, where race and class are closely intertwined,” he explained. “Of course, we are told (as we have been for 150 years) that more and better jobs will solve things, and this means the U.S. increasingly reserves small business ownership as a privilege for the upper middle class, and we do this through all kinds of ways.”

Open source software, meanwhile, “is deeply and intrinsically tied to self-employment,” Travers added. “The harder you make self-employment, the less incentive there is to get involved, the larger the risks, and the less the rewards.”

The real challenges are different from those discussed in the NPR article, Travers concluded.

“Namely, we need to ensure that it is easier to be self-employed, and we need to make sure that it is easier for those who are less well off to own productive property (land and tools of business),” he said. “While time is a factor, I think the risk/rewards balance is a much larger one.

“It is one thing to try to give away computers or ensure Internet access for low income families,” he added, “but if you can’t make working for yourself an attractive option, nothing will change.”

Katherine Noyes is always on duty in her role as Linux Girl, whose cape she has worn since 2007. A mild-mannered ECT News Editor by day, she spends her evenings haunting the seedy bars and watering holes of the Linux blogosphere in search of the latest gossip. You can also find her on Twitter and Google+.

5 Comments

  • Of course you’re going to get a bunch of tone deaf answers if you ask a bunch of white guys why there aren’t more Blacks and Latinos in computer science. But there is something else beyond just that — it’s not merely an issue of CS, but an issue of motivation. Why are FOSS developers mostly exclusively Europeans, i.e. Denmark, Germany, etc?

  • As an addendum to my previous comment, I wanted to address the topic of Free/Open Source Software (FOSS) with regard to minorities in USA – blacks and Latinos.

    Most Americans have been subject to, over the past sixty or more years, the onslaught of marketing and advertising for every product and service imaginable, technology included.

    However, because these minorities have generally had very little exposure to or truly comprehend FOSS, it is quite understandable that they would retain a huge preference for big name brand and popularity Technology software products and services, and by instinct scorn any concept that defies the saying" It it is free, it cannot be any good" or "You get what you pay for", and for which FOSS has literally and disruptively turned these established constructs completely on their head.

    Even today, most small businesses, schools and organizations, as well as individuals with whom I come in contact on a professional basis have little of no good knowledge or understanding about FOSS, or even the extent to which they interact and use FOSS everyday for Google, Facebook, Twitter, Yahoo, Mozilla Firefox, since these products and services rarely if ever market their software as being FOSS based.

    Hopefully the "economics" of FOSS, as well as it’s greater flexibility, performance and overall Fun! will steer more minorities and the poor to get on board, which they will never abandon out of sheer satisfaction, and probably complain about not engaging FOSS long before.

    • Maybe they don’t find it appealing? Hockey is nearly all white but you don’t see folks screaming racism or divides because of it, its simply that other races like other sports. And just because somebody likes to game means nothing, that is like saying because I like to drive means I want to design cars for a living, it is a total logic disconnect. Playing games is fun, making games? A hard job. So I really don’t see that as comparable.

      Finally with regards to the kernel…its a pit of vipers so no wonder its all old white guys, nobody else ants to deal with their foul mouths and bad attitudes! I love to game but I avoid the MP only games, why? because i get tired of hearing racist sexist remarks and foul language. Well have you ever read the kernel mailing list? Change a few words and it would look like a transcript from an MP only FPS!

      So as long as Toravlds is in charge you can expect it to stay what it is now, aging white males that have been there since Linux was passed around on floppies. Nobody else in this day and age is gonna put up with the streams of foul language and venom being heaped upon them, life is too short to take abuse and just because he came up with a kernel is no excuse for him to act like a douche.

  • Unfortunately there are valid concerns regarding the genuine lack of "minorities" – in this particular case I am referring to blacks and Latinos in USA – directly involved in computer programming and science/technology development overall.

    About a decade ago, an Asian game developer with a well known Game software company at that time lamented about the statistics (how gathered was unstated) that blacks in USA accounted for approximately 18% of ‘heavy’ game usage, but only about 1/100 of one percent of game development. He indicated a company effort, hopefully with game industry support to correct this imbalance., however I have not heard of any followup or progress since then.

    There is a definite divide in technology overall and software development between capabilities and accomplishments for whites, Asians as compared to blacks and Latinos. In over twenty five years of involvement in technology, up to and including enterprise/higher education, large organizations and governmental computing, I have seen only a miniscule amount of these minorities in any conference, training programs, employee pools or professional symposiums/events.

    One possible reason is that many if not most blacks and Latinos in USA lack the requisite levels of primary and high school science education, worthwhile opportunities or access to more easily adopt computer programming, or even a subject like Robotics.

    Because of cultural and societal "realities", many young blacks and Latinos have much greater interest in and ‘envision’ greater chances of success and equality in popular fulfillment for sport and entertainment fields, areas that do not require academic prowess.

    A major industrial development study not long ago indicated quite clearly that industries like technology, manufacturing, and medical fields as only three examples, will mandate a substantial increase in employee science/technology competence going forward, for which sadly the education systems, communities and families of these less participatory minorities are lacking in understanding or even how to go about obtaining any help and resources to adapt to the new age of technology.

  • I think it’s easy to make a lot assumptions about who is using and/or developing free software without any quantitative evidence. For example, I’m black, and my whole family uses FOSS. I do contribute, though mostly on the publishing aide of things. No one has ever asked me if I’m black or made a big deal of it when they found put I was. Is that a bad thing?

    As the article pointed out, I’ve known plenty of Indian, African, and Latino FOSS users. I can even point out Islamic free software projects as an example, and most of its users are Muslims with brownish skin.

    As far as developing countries are concerned, I see companies like Microsoft investing a lot in their education systems. I’m amazed that even countries like Iran rely on Microsoft products. Those coders may grow up programming for windows systems because they know they can get jobs using it. But make no mistake, on the server side I bet you can find plenty of Linux sysadmins of all colors, myself included.

Leave a Comment

Please sign in to post or reply to a comment. New users create a free account.

When will supply chain disruptions begin to improve?
Loading ... Loading ...

LinuxInsider Channels